The European Commission published the implementation report of the Waste Shipment Regulation for 2016 to 2019, a key document for the supervision and control of shipments of waste both within EU borders, and with third countries. The report reveals two major trends. Firstly, although the amount of notified waste remained stable throughout the reporting period, the total amount of hazardous waste shipped both within and outside of the EU more than doubled from 3.9 million tonnes in 2001 to 8.1 million tonnes in 2019. Indeed the large majority of these shipment take place within the EU, and the limited volume exported from the EU to third countries is going to OECD countries. Secondly, the amounts of illegal shipments that are detected by Member States’ inspections is increasing.